Vocabulary

Vocabulary Module 3: Der Supermarkt

In this module, you will learn some vocabulary to talk about the topic ‘the supermarket (der Supermarkt) using Das Digitale Wörterbuch der Deutschen Sprache (DWDS), a large electronic collection of German texts known as a corpus.  Let’s explore what words German speakers use to describe the supermarket. Go to the DWDS main page and type Supermarkt in the search box. You will be taken to a site that gives you a lot of information about this word, but we will focus on the so-called ‘word cloud’.  Scroll down the page to see this image:

supermarkt word cloud

This word cloud shows the words that commonly occur with the word Supermarkt. The larger the word in the image is, the more often it co-occurs with Supermarkt.

Activity 1

After looking at the words in this word cloud you most likely recognized that most of them are nouns. Can you identify which nouns from the word cloud are describing different types of stores?

Now let’s explore the differences between some of the store types.

Activity 2

In the word cloud for Supermarkt (you can get to it at this link), click on Drogerie to be taken to its own DWDS page. Scroll down to the word cloud. Then, click on Apotheke to open its own page in a separate tab. Switching between the tabs, compare the word clouds for Drogerie and Apotheke.

A.

After comparing the word clouds, what words are related to a Drogerie but not to an Apotheke and vice versa? Drag the words to the appropriate columns.

B.

Can you now identify the difference between the two types of stores?

To read more examples, you can click on the arrow next to the word Apotheke and Drogerie in the word cloud of Supermarkt.

Activity 3

“Click on the word Bäckerei in the word cloud for Supermarkt (you can get to it at this link) to be taken to its own DWDS page. When you get there, scroll down to the word cloud. Keep the word cloud open in a separate tab in your browser and refer to it to complete the following activities.

You may have noticed that many nouns have the ending -ei (note that they all are die-words, i.e. grammatically feminine). Among some of these nouns below, which one does NOT refer to places where food is being prepared and sold?

Activity 4

A.

Click on the word Konditorei in the word cloud for Bäckerei (you can get to it at this link) to be taken to its own DWDS page. When you get there, scroll down to the word cloud. Keep the word cloud open in a separate tab in your browser and refer to it to complete the following activities. Among the nouns below, which one does NOT refer to food and drinks you can buy at the Konditorei?

B.

Read the sentences with Wiener and Konditorei below. You can click on the arrow next to the word Wiener in the word cloud for Konditorei to read more examples.

Die Welt, 08.12.2005
Wenige Minuten später, in der Wiener Konditorei am Roseneck.

Berliner Zeitung, 21.05.2005
15 Bäckermeister der Wiener Konditorei aus dem Opernpalais haben die Geburtstagstorte für die Berliner Zeitung gebacken.

What is the closest English meaning for Wiener in these sentences?

C.

What is the main difference between a Bäckerei and a Konditorei?

Activity 5

On your own. Explore the usage of a few other nouns by clicking on them in the word cloud for Supermarkt and scrolling down to their own word clouds!

Activity 6

On your own. Using 2 verbs and 3-5 nouns from this module, write 3 sentences describing where you mainly like to shop. You can also look up some cakes which are sold at a Bäckerei  or a Konditorei and write which one you would like to eat. Here is a link to learn more about popular German cakes:  Die beliebtesten Kuchen und Torten in Deutschland.

For example:

Ich kaufe gern bei Aldi ein. Ich esse gern Kuchen in der Bäckerei.

Here you can read more about German food habits: https://germanfoods.org/german-food-facts/breakfast-lunch-dinner-snacks/.