In this module, you will learn some vocabulary to talk about a supermarket (der Supermarkt) using Das Digitale Wörterbuch der Deutschen Sprache (DWDS), a large electronic collection of German texts known as a corpus. Let’s explore what words German speakers use to describe the supermarket. Go to the DWDS homepage and type Supermarkt in the search box. You will be taken to a page that gives you a lot of information about this word, but we will focus on the word cloud, which is available in the Typische Verbindungen section.
The word cloud above shows the words that commonly occur with the word Supermarkt; such words are known as collocates. The larger the word in the image is, the more often it co-occurs with Supermarkt. You can also see a numerical representation of the frequency of co-occurrence by looking at the Überblick table for Supermarkt accessible through the Wortprofil link below the word cloud.
After looking at the collocates in the word cloud for Supermarkt you most likely recognized that most of them are nouns. Can you identify which nouns from the word cloud are describing different types of stores?
Now let’s explore the differences between some of the store types.
If you click on the word in the word cloud for Supermarkt, you will be taken to a new DWDS page for that word. Open up the DWDS page for Drogerie and the DWDS page for Apotheke in separate tabs of your browser. Then scroll down to the Typische Verbindungen section on each page to find the word clouds.
After comparing the word clouds, what words are related to a Drogerie but not to an Apotheke and vice versa?
Can you now identify the difference between the two types of stores?
You can click on the superscripted B next to any word to read example sentences with that word.
Now click on the word Bäckerei in the word cloud for Supermarkt and scroll down to its word cloud. Keep the word cloud open in a separate tab in your browser and refer to it to complete the following activities.
You may have noticed that many nouns have the ending -ei (note that they all are die-words, i.e. grammatically feminine). Among some of these nouns below, which one does NOT refer to places where food is being prepared and sold?
Click on the word Konditorei in the word cloud for Bäckerei and scroll down to its word cloud. Keep the word cloud open in a separate tab in your browser and refer to it to complete the following activities. Among the nouns below, which one does NOT refer to food and drinks you can buy at the Konditorei?
Read the sentences with Wiener and Konditorei below. You can click on the superscripted B next to the word Wiener in the word cloud for Konditorei to read more examples.
- Wenige Minuten später, in der Wiener Konditorei am Roseneck.
Die Welt, 08.12.2005
- 15 Bäckermeister der Wiener Konditorei aus dem Opernpalais haben die Geburtstagstorte für die Berliner Zeitung gebacken.
Berliner Zeitung, 21.05.2005
What is the closest English meaning for Wiener in these sentences?
What is the main difference between a Bäckerei and a Konditorei?
On your own. Explore the usage of a few other nouns by clicking on them in the word cloud for Supermarkt and scrolling down to their own word clouds!
On your own. Using 2 verbs and 3-5 nouns from this module, write 3 sentences describing where you mainly like to shop. You can also look up some cakes which are sold at a Bäckerei or a Konditorei and write which one you would like to eat. Here is a link to learn more about popular German cakes: Die beliebtesten Kuchen und Torten in Deutschland.
Ich kaufe gern bei Aldi ein.
Ich esse gern Kuchen in der Bäckerei.
Here you can read more about German food habits: https://germanfoods.org/german-food-facts/breakfast-lunch-dinner-snacks/.