Vocabulary

Vocabulary Module 12: Internet

In this module, you will learn some vocabulary to talk about the internet (das Internet) using Das Digitale Wörterbuch der Deutschen Sprache (DWDS), a large electronic collection of German texts known as a corpus. Let’s explore what words German speakers use to talk about the internet. Go to DWDS homepage and type Internet in the search box. You will be taken to a page that gives you a lot of information about this word, but we will focus on the so-called ‘word cloud’ which is available in the Typische Verbindungen section.


DWDS word profile for “Internet” retrieved December 19, 2021.

The word cloud above shows words that commonly occur with the word Internet. They are called collocates of Internet. The larger the word is in the cloud, the more frequently it co-occurs with Internet. You can also see a numerical representation of the frequency of co-occurrence by looking at the Überblick table for Internet accessible through the Wortprofil link below the word cloud.

Activity 1

A.

First, let’s review the meaning of some German nouns which are frequently used with Internet from this word cloud by matching them with their English equivalents. If needed, you can consult the online dictionary LEO.

Choose the correct answer from the pull-down menu.

B.

You can see many German-English cognates in this list – i.e., words that look similar and mean the same in both languages. However, there are some differences: e.g., all German nouns are capitalized; Adresse is spelled with one “d” and Telefon with an “f”. Let’s explore some other differences in the meaning and usage of words that typically occur with “Internet”.

1.

You can see the noun Handy in the word cloud. What do you think it means?

2.

Click on the superscripted B next to Surfen, Nutzung, and Zugang in the word cloud, read example sentences, and decide how to translate the following phrases into German.

C.

Now let’s find out more about the use of the noun Computer. Click on it in the word cloud for Internet. (You can also search for it from the main DWDS website.) When you get there, scroll down to the Typische Verbindungen section to find the word cloud. You will see many other electronic technology terms. Can you figure out their meanings? If needed, you can consult the online dictionary LEO.

You can click on the superscripted B next to any word in the word cloud to read example sentences with that word. E.g.: …..

You can see even more examples by clicking a word in the Überblick table accessible through the Wortprofil link below the word cloud.

Activity 2

It is important to learn the German nouns together with their articles. Look at the 20 nouns that you learned in Activity 1 in the list below and identify 6 nouns that go with der, 7 nouns that go with die, and 7 nouns that go with das.

Activity 3

A.

Go back to the word cloud for Internet and look at the verbs which are mainly used with this noun. Can you figure out their meanings?

You can click on the superscripted B next to any word in the word cloud to read example sentences with that word. E.g.: Die Zahl von Nutzern, die sich Musik für Geld aus dem Internet herunterladen, wächst aber.

You can see even more examples by clicking a word in the Überblick table accessible through the Wortprofil link below the word cloud.

B.

Click on surfen in the word cloud for Internet to find out more about the use of this verb. Scroll down to the word cloud. Find the three verbs which also shows a similar activity in (on) the internet.

You can click on the superscripted B next to any word in the word cloud to read example sentences with that word. E.g.: Eigentlich ist den Teilnehmern alles erlaubt, was man im Internet tun kann, also auch surfen, chatten oder Mails schreiben.

You can see even more examples by clicking a word in the Überblick table accessible through the Wortprofil link below the word cloud.

C.

Next, go back to the word cloud for Internet and click this time on the verb buchen. (You can also search for it from the main DWDS website.) Choose 8 things which are frequently booked online.

D.

Now match these nouns with their English equivalents. If needed, you can consult the online dictionary LEO.

Activity 4

Next, read the sentences below, which contain examples with Handy taken from the DWDS corpus. Can you figure out the difference between the sentences with klingeln (1, 2, 3) and klingelnd (4, 5)?

  1. Am nächsten Tag klingelt mein Handy, auf dem Display blinkt eine französische Nummer.
    Die Zeit, 28.01.2013, Nr. 04
  2. Wenn ihr Handy klingelt, wird sie nervös und zittert leicht.
    Die Zeit, 16.04.2007, Nr. 16
  3. Sein Handy klingelt oft in Meetings – obwohl er das selbst verboten hat.
    Bild, 02.02.2006
  4. Pöppel: Auf das klingelnde Handy, auf Gespräche, auf alles, was um uns herum passiert.
    Die Zeit, 15.02.2010, Nr. 07
  5. Das grüne Lämpchen ist wie ein dauernd klingelndes Handy, auf dessen Display der Name des Ex erscheint – und nie hebt man ab.
    Die Zeit, 31.08.2009, Nr. 35

Activity 5

In the examples below taken from DWDS, you will see 5 different verbs which are used for shopping and booking online.

  1. Viele Kunden würden etwas im Laden sehen, es dann aber online bestellen.
    Die Zeit, 18.05.2011 (online)
  2. Die Skipässe kann man ab sofort online ordern und vermeidet somit Wartezeiten an der Kasse.
    Die Welt, 03.01.2003
  3. Danach shoppen 96 Prozent der regelmäßigen Internetsurfer auch online.
    Die Zeit, 17.09.2012 (online)
  4. Auch die drei Ferienwohnungen des Dorfes kann man online buchen.
    Die Zeit, 17.11.2008, Nr. 46
  5. Mehr als jeder zweite Tablet-Nutzer (56 Prozent) spielt auf seinem Gerät, 53 Prozent kaufen damit online ein.
    Die Zeit, 07.10.2013 (online)

Search for each of the 5 verbs (bestellen, ordern, shoppen, buchen, and einkaufen) in turn and click on their Wortverlaufskurve. You can find that on the right side of the website. It will show the frequency of these words as used in the years 1964 -2021 in newspapers.

Activity 6

A.

Search for the word Information, a noun collocate of Internet, and scroll down to the Typische Verbindungen Look at the word cloud for Information and find the five verbs that you see there.

You can click on the superscripted B next to any word in the word cloud to read example sentences with that word. E.g.: Informationen über deutsche Bürger zu sammeln, gehört ausdrücklich nicht zu seinem Auftrag.

You can see even more examples by clicking a word in the Überblick table accessible through the Wortprofil link below the word cloud.

B.

You can see that the five most used adjectives with Information are aktuell, detailliert, falsch, nah, vertraulich and wichtig. Can you figure out what they mean?

Feel free to pull up some example sentences if that is helpful. E.g.: Die Informationen sind wichtig, verleiten allerdings auch schnell zu einem falschen Bild der Situation and Aktuelle Informationen sind auch auf der Website www. bahn. de der Bahn erhältlich.

C.

Now click on the noun Zeitung in the word cloud for Information (or search for it from the main DWDS page) and scroll down to the word cloud. Look at the verbs collocates for Zeitung and decide what they mean.

Activity 7

Review the verbs that go with the nouns Internet (3A), Information (6A), and Zeitung (6C) and choose the correct verb for the sentences below.

Activity 8

On your own. Using the word clouds from this module, write 5-6 sentences about Internet. Pay careful attention to which nouns, adjectives, and verbs frequently go together! Use appropriate adjective endings and correct verb forms.

For example:

Ich surfe oft im Internet.
Jeden Tag lese ich wichtige Informationen in der Tageszeitung.
Mein Handy klingelt sehr laut und stört andere Personen.